Long Term - Definition, What is Long Term, Advantages of Long Term, and Latest News - ClearTax (2024)


Long-term refers to the extended duration an asset is held by an investor. Depending on the investor’s requirements, long-term investment can range from as short as 12 months to as long as 30 years. For most investors, the holding period for long-term assets ranges from at least 5 to 10 years. However, there is no predefined holding period for long-term assets.

Understanding Long Term

Long-term investments can be defined as those assets that an individual or entity holds from more than 12 months. They can either be bonds, shares, monetary instruments or real estate. Unlike the short-term investments where the assets are most likely to be sold in a short span of time, long-term investments will not be sold for many years. In some cases, investors may also choose to never sell them.

How Does Long-Term Investments Work?

Investors generally opt for long term investments when they find themselves with excess capital that they can afford to keep invested for a long period. Also, investing in long-term assets require a lot of patience as the holding period could extend even for decades.

However, long term assets have the potential to generate excellent returns due to the power of compounding. The longer an investor remains invested in an asset, the higher returns the asset will be able to generate.

Saving and investing in retirement schemes is also considered a long-term investment. Retirement planning has been one of the key reasons behind most individuals having an investment portfolio.

If started early, individuals would have enough time until retirement to amass a significant corpus before retirement. This is due to the power of compounding. Also, investors can afford to accept the prudent risks associated with the investments when held for an extended period of time.

Market fluctuations and other market-related risks, such as inflation and downturns, are pretty much balanced out in the long run with rupee-cost averaging. This will allow investors to generate an overall higher return in the end.

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  • Understanding Long Term
  • How Does Long-Term Investments Work?
Long Term - Definition, What is Long Term, Advantages of Long Term, and Latest News - ClearTax (2024)


Long Term - Definition, What is Long Term, Advantages of Long Term, and Latest News - ClearTax? ›

Long-term refers to the extended duration an asset is held by an investor. Depending on the investor's requirements, long-term investment can range from as short as 12 months to as long as 30 years. For most investors, the holding period for long-term assets ranges from at least 5 to 10 years.

What is the definition of a long term investment? ›

Long-term investments are assets that an individual or company intends to hold for a period of more than three years. Instruments facilitating long-term investments include stocks, real estate, cash, etc. Long-term investors take on a substantial degree of risk in pursuit of higher returns.

What is the tax advantage of long term investment? ›

Long-term capital gains are typically taxed at lower rates, meaning there may be a benefit to holding onto your assets for longer before you sell them. Short-term capital gains are taxed at the same rate as your ordinary income. Meanwhile, long-term gains are taxed at either 0%, 15%, or 20%.

What is considered long term? ›

Something that is long-term has continued for more than a year or will continue for more than a year. Short-term interest rates are lower than long-term rates, because investors want higher rates the longer they lend their money.

What is the definition of short-term and long term? ›

There are no exact definitions, but short-term usually means a period shorter than two years, medium-term covers a range from 2 to 5 or 10 years and long-term is a period longer than 5 or 10 years.

How long do you have to hold a stock for it to be considered long term? ›

Short-term or long-term

Generally, if you hold the asset for more than one year before you dispose of it, your capital gain or loss is long-term. If you hold it one year or less, your capital gain or loss is short-term.

What are the disadvantages of long-term investment? ›

Limited Flexibility: Long-term investments require a patient approach, and if circ*mstances change or you need cash urgently, you may miss out on potential opportunities for liquidity.

How is long term taxed? ›

Short-term capital gains taxes are paid at the same rate as you'd pay on your ordinary income, such as wages from a job. Long-term capital gains tax is a tax applied to assets held for more than a year. The long-term capital gains tax rates are 0 percent, 15 percent and 20 percent, depending on your income.

At what age do you not pay capital gains? ›

Since the tax break for over 55s selling property was dropped in 1997, there is no capital gains tax exemption for seniors. This means right now, the law doesn't allow for any exemptions based on your age. Whether you're 65 or 95, seniors must pay capital gains tax where it's due.

What are examples of long-term conditions? ›

A long-term condition is an illness that cannot be cured. It can usually be controlled with medicines or other treatments. Examples of long-term conditions include diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure, epilepsy, asthma and some mental health conditions.

Does long-term mean permanent? ›

Something that's long-term has lasted for quite a while. If you have a long-term girlfriend, she's been in your life for years. Use the adjective long-term to describe things that are so enduring that they're nearly permanent.

Which investment is best for long-term? ›

13 Best Long-Term Investment Plans for Higher Returns
  • Gold. While gold does not offer monthly dividends, what it does help you do is preserve your wealth. ...
  • Public Provident Funds (PPFs) ...
  • Mutual funds. ...
  • Stocks. ...
  • Fixed deposits.

Which is better short term or long-term? ›

Long-term investors may enjoy less risk due to the fact they have more time for their portfolios to make up for potential losses. Meanwhile, short-term investors may want to avoid volatile investments, such as some riskier stocks or stock mutual funds.

Is long-term better than short term? ›

The benefits of long-term investing

Compound growth is the return earned not only on your initial investment, but also on the returns you receive during its lifetime and reinvest back into it. If you're only investing for the short term, you won't see the full potential gains of compound growth.

What is short term vs long-term benefits? ›

Short-term policies are designed to provide benefits almost immediately for temporary disabilities. In contrast, long-term policies have a considerably longer waiting period, but they provide coverage over a longer term for more serious illnesses or injuries.

How many years is long term? ›

The difference between long-term and short-term investments is time: A long-term investment could be held for five years, 10 years, 30 years or more, whereas short-term investments may only be held for a few months to a few years.

What defines a long term investment quizlet? ›

What defines a long-term investment? (Check all that apply.) Notes receivable and stock and bond investments are assets that are expected to be held for more than one year. Long-term investments are sometimes referred to as noncurrent investments.

What is a long-term investment quizlet? ›

Held-to-Maturity Investments. Bonds and notes that an investor intends to hold until maturity. Long-Term investments. Any investment that does not meet the criteria of a short-term investment; any investment that the investor expects to hold longer than a year or that is not readily marketable.

What is an example of a long term investment decision? ›

Long term investment decision involves committing the finance on a long-term basis. For example, making investment in a new machine or replace an existing one or acquiring a new fixed asset or opening a new branch, etc.

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